How to Set Up a Headless WordPress Website
Headless WordPress sites are all about separating the back and front ends of your website. This approach can be used to generate static copies of your site. In a headless WordPress site, you will not be using WordPress to generate the front end of your site, unlike the traditional model. This results in two significant advantages- faster loading times and increased security.
How to Set Up a Headless WordPress Website (Using AWS)
You could host your headless WordPress site on any provider that you want. However, in this tutorial, we will be creating one with the help of AWS. When it comes to hosting static websites, AWS allows you to set it up in the most simple and convenient way. Follow the three simple steps mentioned below and set up your headless WordPress site within a few clicks.
Step 1: Create or Log in to your AWS account
Setting up a headless WordPress site using AWS includes a little more tedious legwork than the traditional way. However, it compensates you handsomely for that hassle in terms of cost-effectiveness. It may cost you as little as $0.50 a month. Adding on that, we’ll be using the Amazon S3 tier for hosting, which offers 12 months of hosting for free.
You can easily sign up for your account by clicking on Get started with Amazon S3 option and filling out the registration form. If you are already logged into your Amazon account, you will find the Complete Sign Up button instead. However, the process remains the same.
Step 2: Create a static copy of your website
As we discussed earlier, WordPress acts as the backend in a headless setup. So, you will need to install WordPress somewhere so that it can act as the back end of your site. Additionally, it will also generate static content for your frontend. A local installation is followed in the tutorial so that you can avoid paying for two different hosting providers.
There are various ways of installing a local WordPress website:
- Using tools like XAMPP to create a full local WordPress environment
- Using software like Local by Flywheel specifically designed for local WordPress installations
Naturally, the latter offers a more user-friendly approach for setting up a local WordPress website. Download and install the Local by Flywheel software and set up a new local website.
After configuring and customizing your local website, update your settings, choose a theme, and create pages and posts. Once you’re all done with the content and theme of the website, you’ll be ready to create a static front end for it.
To achieve that, we will set up the WP2Static plugin. You can also use some other plugins for this as well. But, WP2Static works smoothly with multiple platforms including AWS, Netlify, GitHub Pages, and more.
Once you set up the plugin, you will find it in your dashboard. When you access it, it directly takes you to the Deploy static website tab.
In the Destination URL field, enter the URL that the visitors will use to access your website. Note that this will depend on your Amazon S3 configuration. Finally, select Amazon S3 in the dropdown menu where you have to select the host for the static version.
In the next step, before deployment, we will be configuring the settings and connecting AWS to the website
Step 3: Auto-deployment of static pages to AWS
Once you select Amazon S3 for hosting, multiple options will appear:
You first need to enter both your access key ID and secret access key before you can begin deployment. Note that the access key ID must have the correct permission levels for the deployment to be successful.
Having entered both the keys in their respective fields, you now need to select the region your AWS bucket was created in and enter its name as it appears in your AWS console:
Lastly, go to the bottom of the page and hit the Start static site export button. This step typically takes a while if your website is large. Once the process is finished, you will be able to access the live static version of your website. In other words, you have successfully set up a headless WordPress website.
And voila! You should have successfully set up your headless WordPress website by following these three simple steps. Remember that the Headless model is not the way to go for every website. However, if your website doesn’t have a lot of dynamic elements, its security and performance will increase by having a static frontend.
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